Penemu-Penemu di Dunia

Discussion in 'Forum Edukasi' started by boy888, 25 Apr 2007.

  1. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Penemu Sepeda Motor​

    Perancang pertama sepeda motor adalah Ernest Michaux seorang Perancis pada tahun 1868. Tenaga Penggerak yang dipergunakan pada waktu itu direncanakan ialah mesin uap. Proyek ini tidak berhasil, kemudian pada tahun 1885 Edward Butler mencoba menyempurnakan dengan membuat kendaraan lain yakni yang mempergunakan tiga roda dan digerakan motor dari jenis mesin pembakaran dalam.

    Pada tahun yang sama Gottlieb Daimler memperkenalkan ciptaannya berupa sepeda bermesin, dan dengan begitu dialah sebenarnya pencipta sepeda motor yang berhasil. Bagaimana pun jenis kendaraan ini belum dikenal masyarakat banyak sasmpai pada tahun 1892 Henry Hilderband dari Munich, Jerman Barat memperkenalkan sepeda motor model baru, yang disusul lagi oleh Werner Brothers pada tahun 1897.
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  2. magnum

    magnum IndoForum Activist C

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    wew.....
    gw dapet gambar orang nya cuma kurang bagus....kecil

    kasih detil nya lagi dong ;;) ;;)
    :D
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  3. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Detilnya kyk gmna??...:-?..Minta gmbr motornya apa penemunya??...
  4. T!T!~ch@/\/

    T!T!~ch@/\/ IndoForum Banned

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    gambar motor yg RGR =)) =))

    bagusnya nih thread d sticky trs d post ttg penemu penemu gmana nih /hmm
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  5. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Wah boleh juga tuh....:-?...Gwa punya byk buku tentang penemu-penemu neh....:)
  6. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Penemu Kacamata

    Kacamata ialah lensa yang dipakai untuk membantu memperjelas daya penglihatan. Kacamata sudah dikenal dalam peradaban manusia pada sekitar awal abad ke 13 di Eropa, akan tetapi tidak dapat diketahui siapa orang pertama yang menciptakannya. Bahkan di Cina kuno, terdapat bukti bahwa kaisar Nero sudah mempergunakan kacamata dari lensa zamrut pada waktu menyaksikan adu gladiator di Roma.

    Pada tahun 1268 seorang Inggris bernama Roger Bacon menganjurkan pemakaian lensa maksudnya kacamata untuk membantu memperbaiki daya penglihatan orang.

    Pada tahun 1827 seorang Astronom bernama Sir George Airy sudah mempergunakan kacamata.

    Pada tahun 1784 orang bernama Benjamin Franklin telah menciptakan apa yang disebut kaca bifokus.

    Apa yang kini kita kenal sebagai Contact lens yaitu kacamata tanpa gagang, sudah pula diciptakan oleh orang pada tahun 1827. Penciptanya adalah seorang astronom bernama Sir John Herschell.

    Orang yang pertama memproduksi contact lens tersebut adalah seorang ahli lensa Jerman bernama F.E Muller pada tahun 1887.
  7. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Penemu-Penemu

    Mesin Diesel

    Mesin diesel pertama kali diciptakan oleh seorang insinyur Jerman bernama Rudolf Diesel. Ia yang kelahiran Perancis itu menciptakan mesin dieselnya pada tahun 1892.

    Tidak sebagaimana mesin yang menggunakan bahan bakar minyak tanah, mesin diesel ini tidak dilengkapi busi, sebagai alat pembakarannya. Ia tahu bahwa apabila gas dimampatkan dalam suatu ruang tertutup, semakin kecil volumenya akan semakin panas temperaturnya, sampai pada akhirnya akan meletup yang merupakan tenaga. Mesinnya dirancang dengan silinder-silinder yang mampu mengkompresi udara sampai pada tekanan 600 pon per inchi persegi. Udara yang padat dan panas ini kemudian disalurkan untuk membakar bahan bakar solar, sehingga timbullah ledakan yang akan mendesak piston-piston.
  8. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Penemu Dinamit

    Dinamit

    Bahan peledak ini yang merupakan paduan unsur-unsur kimia tertentu, formulanya ditemukan pertama kali oleh seorang Swedia bernama Alfred B. Nobel pada yahun 1867.

    Ia merasa sudah mantap betul dengan formulanya pada tahun 1885 di mana ia lebih suka menyebutnya dengan balistik.

    Dinamit tersebut diproduksi untuk berbagai keperluan, baik untuk tujuan yang bermanfaat bagi kemanusiaan seperti bahan peledak untuk industri semen, akan tetapi juga untuk tujuan keperluan yang kurang menyenangkan yaitu perang.

    Dari kekayaan yang diperoleh dari usahanya, ia menyisihkan uangnya sebanyak $ 2 juta (kira-kira senilai Rp, 2 milyar) yang direncanakan sebagai dana untuk diberikan sebagai hadiah kepada ilmuwan berjasa, Seperti kita tahu maka apa yang disebut dengan hadiah Nobel ini diberikan untuk bidang-bidang ilmu alam/fisika, kimia, kedokteran, fisiologi, sastra, ataupun kemanusiaan. Salah seorang pemenang hadiah Nobel pertama adalah Jan Henry Dunant orang yang lebih dikenal sebagai Bapak Palang Merah Internasional.
  9. magnum

    magnum IndoForum Activist C

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    A

    * Al-Jazari, (12th century), Mesopotamia — Crankshaft
    * Archimedes, (c 287 BC-212 BC), Greece — Archimedes screw
    * Ami Argand, (1750-1803), France — Argand lamp
    * Edwin H. Armstrong,(1890-1954), USA — FM radio
    * William George Armstrong, (1810-1900), UK — hydraulic crane
    * Joseph Aspdin, (1788-1855), England — Portland cement
    * John Vincent Atanasoff, (1903-1995), United States — modern programmable computer
    * Neil Arnott, (1788-1874), UK — waterbed

    B

    * Charles Babbage, (1791-1871), UK — Analytical engine
    * Roger Bacon, (1214-1292), England — magnifying glass
    * Leo Baekeland, (1863-1944), Belgian–American — Velox photographic paper and Bakelite
    * Ralph H. Baer, (1922-), German born American — video game console
    * John Logie Baird, (1888-1946), Uk — an electromechanical television
    * Donat Banki, (1859-1922), Hungary — inventor of the carburetor
    * John Bardeen, (1908-1991), USA — co-inventor of the transistor
    * Anthony R. Barringer Canadian – American — INPUT (Induced Pulse Transient) airborne electromagnetic system
    * Earl W. Bascom, (1906-1995), Canada and United States — side-delivery rodeo chute, hornless rodeo saddle, rodeo bareback rigging, rodeo chaps
    * Eugen Baumann, (1846-1896), Germany — PVC
    * Trevor Baylis, (1937-), UK — a wind-up radio
    * Francis Beaufort, (1774-1857), France — Beaufort scale
    * Arnold O. Beckman, (1900-2004), USA — pH meter
    * Alexander Graham Bell, (1847-1922), Canada — telephone
    * Karl Benz, (1844-1929), Germany — the petrol-powered automobile
    * Emile Berliner, (1851-1929), Germany and USA — the disc record gramophone
    * Tim Berners-Lee, (1955-), UK — with Robert Cailliau, the World Wide Web
    * Bi Sheng (Chinese:畢昇), (ca.990-1052), China — clay movable type printing
    * Laszlo Biro, (1899-1985), Hungary — modern ballpoint pen
    * J. Stuart Blackton, (1875-1941), USA — stop-motion film
    * Otto Blathy (1860-1939), Hungary — co-inventor of the transformer, wattmeter, alternating current (AC) and turbogenerator
    * Katharine B. Blodgett, (1898-1979), UK — nonreflective glass
    * Nils Bohlin, (1920-2002), Sweden — the three-point seat belt
    * Joseph-Armand Bombardier, (1907-1964), Canada — snowmobile
    * Robert W. Bower, (1936-), USA — self-aligned–gate MOSFET
    * Seth Boyden, (1788-1870), USA — nail-making machine
    * Walter Houser Brattain, (1902-1987), USA — co-inventor of the transistor
    * Louis Braille, (1809-1852), France — the Braille writing system
    * Karl Ferdinand Braun, (1850-1918), Germany — cathode-ray tube oscilloscope
    * Harry Brearley, (1871-1948), UK — stainless steel
    * John Moses Browning, (1855-1926), USA — automatic handgun
    * Edwin Beard Budding, (1795-1846), UK — lawnmower

    C

    * C`ai Lun, (50 AD - 121), China — paper
    * Marvin Camras, (1916 - 1995), USA — magnetic recording
    * Chester Carlson, (1906-1968), USA — Xerography
    * Wallace Carothers, (1896-1937), USA — Nylon
    * Dennis Charter, (1952-), Australia — Secure Electronic Payment System
    * Adrian Chernoff, (1971-), USA — GM Autonomy, GM Hy-wire, Rubber Bandits
    * Niels Christensen (1865- 1952), USA — O-ring
    * Samuel Hunter Christie, (1784-1865), UK — Wheatstone bridge
    * Christopher Cockerell, (1910-1999), UK — Hovercraft
    * Jacques Cousteau, (1910-1997), France — co-inventor of the aqualung and the Nikonos underwater camera
    * Aeneas Coffey, (1780-1852), Ireland, heat exchanger, inventor of the Coffey still
    * Holger Crafoord, (1908-1982), Sweden — inventor of the artificial kidney
    * János Csonka, (1852-1939), Hungary — co-inventor of carburetor
    * Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, (1725-1804), France — automobile
    * Juan de la Cierva, (1895-1936), Spain — the autogyro
    * William Cullen, (1710-1790), UK — first artificial refrigerator
    * Glenn Curtiss, (1878 - 1930), USA — ailerons
    * Corliss Orville Burandt, USA — Variable valve timing
    * Joseph Constantine Carpue, (1764-1846), France — rhinoplastic surgery
    * Joseph Bienaimé Caventou, (1795-1877), France — caffeine, chlorophyll, strychnine
    * George Cayley, (1773-1857), (UK) — tension-spoke wheels, Caterpillar track
    * Georges Claude, (1870-1960), France — neon lamp
    * Josephine Cochrane, (1839-1913), USA — dishwasher
    * Cornelis Corneliszoon, (1550-1607), The Netherlands — sawmill
    * Bartolomeo Cristofori, (1655-1731), Italy — piano
    * William Cumberland Cruikshank, (1745-1800), UK — chlorinated water

    D

    * Gustaf Dalen, (1869-1937), Sweden — AGA cooker; Dalen Light; Agamassan
    * Salvino D'Armate, (?-?), Italy — credited for inventing eyeglasses in 1284
    * Joseph Day, (1855-1946), UK — the crankcase compression two stroke engine
    * Lee DeForest, (1873-1961), USA — triode
    * Sir James Dewar, (1842-1923), UK — Thermos flask
    * Miksa Deri (1854-1938), Hungary — co-inventor of transformer
    * William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, (1860-1935), UK — motion picture camera
    * Rudolf Diesel, (1858-1913), Germany — Diesel engine
    * William H. Dobelle, (1943-2004), United States — first functioning artificial eye
    * Karl Drais, (1785-1851), Germany — dandy horse (Draisine)
    * Cornelius Drebbel, (1572-1633), The Netherlands — first navigable submarine
    * Richard Drew, (1899-1980), USA — Sticky Tape
    * Charles Brace Darrow, (1889-1967). USA — Monopoly
    * Jacob Davis, (1868-1908), USA — riveted jeans
    * Edmund Davy, (1785-1857), Ireland — acetylene
    * Humphry Davy, (1778-1829), UK — Davy miners lamp
    * Bryan Donkin, (1768-1855), UK — print industry composition roller
    * John Boyd Dunlop, (1840-1921) UK — first practical pneumatic tyre
    * Karl Drais, (1785-1851), Germany — velocipede



    E

    * George Eastman, (1854-1932), USA — film-roll
    * Thomas Edison, (1847-1931), USA — phonograph, commercially practical light bulb, motion picture projector, stock ticker, etc.
    * Willem Einthoven, (1860-1927), The Netherlands — the electrocardiogram
    * Douglas Engelbart, (1925-), USA — the computer mouse [1]
    * Rune Elmqvist, (1857-1924), Sweden — implantable pacemaker
    * John Ericsson, (1803-1889), Sweden — the two screw-propeller
    * Lars Magnus Ericsson, (1846-1926), Sweden — the handheld micro telephone
    * Ole Evinrude, (1877-1934), Norway — outboard motor

    F

    * Samuel Face, (1923-2001), USA — concrete flatness/levelness technology; Lightning Switch
    * Philo Farnsworth, (1906-1971), USA — electronic television
    * James Fergason, (1934-), USA — improved liquid crystal display
    * Reginald Fessenden, (1866-1932), Canada — two-way radio
    * Adolf Eugen Fick, (1829-1901), Germany — contact lens
    * Alexander Fleming, (1881-1955), Scotland — penicillin
    * Sandford Fleming, (1827-1915), inventor of Standard Universal Time (1879)
    * John Ambrose Fleming, (1848-1945), England — vacuum diode
    * Benjamin Franklin, (1706-1790), USA — the pointed lightning rod conductor, bifocal glasses, the Franklin stove, the glass harmonica
    * William Friese-Greene, (1855-1921), England — cinematography
    * Buckminster Fuller, (1895-1983), USA — geodesic dome
    * Gerhard Fischer, Germany/USA — hand-held metal detector
    * Augustin-Jean Fresnel, (1788-1827), France — Fresnel lens
    * Jean Bernard Léon Foucault, (1819-1868), France — Foucault pendulum (earth rotation), gyroscope, eddy current
    * Benoît Fourneyron, (1802-1867), France — water turbine
    * Enrico Fermi, (1901-1954), Italy — nuclear reactor
    * Michael Faraday, (1791-1867), England — rubber balloon, electric transformer


    G

    * Dennis Gabor, (1900-1979), Hungary — holography
    * Elmer R. Gates, (1859-1923), foam fire extinguisher, electric loom mechanisms, magnetic & diamagnetic separators, educational toy ("box & blocks")
    * William Henry Gates III, (1955-), Windows operating system, chief architect of Visual Basic
    * Robert Goddard, (1882-1945), USA — liquid fuel rocket
    * Heinrich Göbel, (1818-1893), Germany — first functional incandescent lamp
    * Peter Carl Goldmark, (1906-1977), Hungary — vinyl record (LP)
    * Gordon Gould, (1920-2005), USA — co-inventor of laser
    * Richard Hall Gower, (1768-1833), England — ship's hull and rigging
    * Bette Nesmith Graham, (1924-1980), USA — Liquid Paper
    * Chester Greenwood, (1858-1937), USA — thermal earmuffs
    * James Gregory, (1638-1675), Scotland — reflecting telescope
    * William Robert Grove, (1811-1896), Wales — fuel cell
    * Otto von Guericke, (1602-1686), Germany — vacuum pump, manometer, dasymeter,
    * Johann Gutenberg, (c 1390s-1468), Germany — modern movable type printing press
    * Hans Wilhelm Geiger, (1882-1945), Germany — Geiger counter
    * Henri Giffard, (1825-1882), France — powered airship, injector
    * Charles Goodyear, (1800-1860), USA — vulcanization of rubber
    * Samuel Guthrie, (1782 - 1848), USA — discovered chloroform
    * James Henry Greathead, (1844-1896), South Africa — tunnel boring machine, tunnelling shield technique


    H

    * John Hadley, (1682-1744), England — the sextant
    * James Hargreaves, (1720-1778), England — invented the spinning jenny
    * John Harrison, (1693-1776), England — marine chronometer
    * Victor Hasselblad, (1906-1978), Sweden — invented the 6 x 6 cm single-lens reflex camera
    * Rudolf Hell, (1901-2002), Germany — the Hellschreiber
    * Avram Hershko, (1937-), Hungary — Ubiquitin
    * Jozef Karol Hell, (1713-1789), Slovakia — the water pillar
    * Joseph Henry, (1797-1898), USA — electromagnetic relay
    * George de Hevesy, (1885-1966), Hungary — radioactive tracer
    * Erna Schneider Hoover, (1926-), USA — computerized telephone switching system
    * Frank Hornby, (1863-1936), England — invented Meccano
    * Heron, Greece — invented Aeolipile
    * Joseph Hon – book index thumb notch system for dictionaries Patent #561888
    * Christopher Hansteen, (1783-1873), Norway — discovery of terrestrial magnetism
    * William Harvey, (1578-1657), England — blood circulation in the human body
    * Robert A. Heinlein, (1907-1988), USA — waterbed
    * Henry J. Heinz, USA — tomato ketchup
    * Joseph Henry, (1797-1878), Scotland — electromagnetic relay
    * Heinrich Hertz, (1857-1894), Germany — radio telegraphy, electromagnetic radiation
    * Rowland Hill, (1795-1879), UK — postage stamp
    * Felix Hoffmann (Bayer), (1868-1949), Germany — Aspirin
    * Herman Hollerith, (1860-1929), USA — mechanical tabulator based on punched cards
    * Nick Holonyak, (1928- ), USA — LED (Light Emitting Diode)
    * Robert Hooke, (1635-1703), England — balance wheel, iris diaphragm
    * Coenraad Johannes van Houten, (1801-1887), Netherlands — cocoa powder, cacao butter, chocolate milk
    * Elias Howe, (1819-1867), USA — sewing machine
    * Christiaan Huygens, (1629-1695), Netherlands — pendulum clock

    I

    * János Irinyi, (1817-1895), Hungary — noiseless match
    * Sumio Iijima, (1939- ), Japan — nanotubes


    J

    * Karl Jatho, (1873-1933), Germany — aeroplane
    * György Jendrassik, (1898-1954), Hungary — turboprop
    * Thomas Jefferson, (1743-1826), USA — swivel chair
    * Steve Jobs, (1955-), Macintosh operating system
    * Carl Edvard Johansson, (1864-1943), Sweden — Gauge blocks
    * Johan Petter Johansson, (1853-1943), Sweden — the pipe wrench and the modern adjustable spanner
    * Nancy Johnson, USA — American version of the hand cranked ice cream machine in (1843)
    * Scott A. Jones, (1960-), USA — created one of the most successful versions of voicemail as well as ChaCha Search, a human-assisted internet search engine.
    * Whitcomb Judson, (1836-1909), USA — zipper


    K

    * Dean Kamen, (1951-), USA — Invented the Segway HT scooter and the IBOT Mobility Device
    * John George Kemeny, (1926-1992), Hungary — co-inventor of BASIC
    * Charles F. Kettering, (1876-1958), USA — invented automobile self-starter ignition, Freon ethyl gasoline and more
    * Jack Kilby, (1923-2005), USA — patented the first integrated circuit
    * Fritz Klatte, (1880-1934), Germany — vinyl chloride, forerunner to polyvinyl chloride
    * Margaret Knight, (1838-1914), USA — machine that completely constructs box-bottom brown paper bags
    * Ivan Knunyants, (1906-1990), Ukraine — invented Nylon-6
    * Willem Johan Kolff, (1911-), Netherlands — artificial kidney hemodialysis machine
    * Gleb Kotelnikov, (1872-1944), Russia — knapsack parachute
    * Stephanie Kwolek, (1923-), USA — Kevlar
    * John Howard Kyan (1774-1850), Ireland — The process of Kyanization used for wood preservation
    * Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, (1853-1926), Netherlands — liquify helium
    * Theophilus Van Kannel, revolving door (1888)
    * John Harvey Kellogg, (1852-1943), cornflake breakfasts
    * Robert Koch, (1843-1910), method for culturing bacteria on solid media
    * Willem Johan Kolff, Netherlands/USA, (1911- ) — hemodialysis, pioneer in the field of other artificial organs


    L

    * Hedy Lamarr, (1913-2000), Austria and USA — Spread spectrum radio
    * Edwin H. Land, (1909-1991), USA — Polaroid polarizing filters and the Land Camera
    * Irving Langmuir, (1851-1957), USA — gas filled incandescent light bulb, hydrogen welding
    * Lewis Latimer, (1848-1928), — worked with Thomas Edison and patented an improved lightbulb manufacturing process
    * Gustav de Laval, (1845-1913), Sweden — invented the milk separator and the milking machine
    * Sergei Vasiljevich Lebedev, (1874-1934), Russia — synthetic rubber
    * Tim Berners-Lee, (1955- ) England — World Wide Web
    * Justus von Liebig, (1803-1873), Germany — nitrogen-based fertilizer
    * Frans Wilhelm Lindqvist, (1862-1931), Sweden — Kerosene stove operated by compressed air
    * Archibald Low, (1882-1956), Britain — Pioneer of radio guidance systems
    * Giovanni Luppis, (1813-1875), Austrian Empire (ethnical Italian) — self-propelled torpedo
    * René Laënnec, (1781-1826), France — stethoscope
    * Karl Landsteiner, (1868-1943), Austria — classification of blood groups
    * Samuel P. Langley, (1834-1906), USA — bolometer
    * John Bennet Lawes, (1814-1900), England — superphosphate or chemical fertilizer
    * Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, (1632-1723), Netherlands — development of the microscope, discovery of bacteria, spermatozoa and celled organisms
    * Jean-Joseph Etienne Lenoir, (1822-1900), Belgium — internal combustion engine, motorboat
    * Willard Frank Libby, (1908-1980), USA — Radiocarbon dating
    * Otto Lilienthal, (1848-1896), Germany — air glider
    * Hans Lippershey, (1570-1619), Netherlands — telescope
    * Auguste and Louis Lumière, France — Cinématographe


    M

    * Ma Jun, (c. 200-265 AD), China, South Pointing Chariot (for navigation, see differential gear), mechanical puppet theater, chain pumps, improved silk looms
    * Charles Macintosh, (1766-1843), Scotland — waterproof raincoat, life vest
    * George William Manby, (1765-1854), England — Fire extinguisher
    * Guglielmo Marconi, (1874-1937), Italy — radio, transatlantic radiosignals
    * John Landis Mason, (1826-1902), USA — Mason jars
    * Henry Maudslay, (1771-1831), England — screw-cutting lathe, bench micrometer
    * James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) and Thomas Sutton Scotland — colour photography
    * John McAdam, (1756-1836), Scotland — improved "macadam" road surface
    * Elijah McCoy, (1843-1929), Canada — Displacement lubricator
    * Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, (1817-1880), France — margarine
    * Antonio Meucci, (1808-1889), Italy — telephone (prototype)
    * Edouard Michelin, (1859-1940), France — pneumatic tyre
    * Narcis Monturiol i Estarriol, (1819-1885), Spain — steam powered submarine
    * Robert Moog, (1934-2005), USA — the Moog synthesizer
    * Montgolfier brothers, (1740-1810) and (1745-1799), France — hot-air balloon
    * John J. Montgomery, (1858-1911), USA — heavier-than-air gliders
    * Samuel Morey, (1762-1843), USA — internal combustion engine
    * Garrett A. Morgan, (1877-1963), USA — inventor of the gas mask, and traffic signal.
    * Samuel Morse, (1791-1872), USA — telegraph
    * Jozef Murgas, (1864-1929), Slovakia — inventor of the wireless telegraph (forerunner of the radio)
    * William Murdoch, (1754-1839), Scotland — Gas lighting
    * Pieter van Musschenbroek, (1692-1761), Netherlands — Leyden jar, pyrometer

    N

    * Yoshiro Nakamatsu, (1928-), Japan — Floppy disk (world record holder for over 3,000 patented inventions)
    * John von Neumann, (1903-1957), Hungary — Von Neumann computer architecture
    * Isaac Newton,(1642-1727), England — reflecting telescope (which reduces chromatic aberration)
    * Jun-Ichi Nishizawa, (1926-), Japan — Optical communication system, SIT/SITh (Static Induction Transistor/Thyristor), Laser diode, PIN diode
    * Alfred Nobel, (1833-1896), Sweden — dynamite
    * Carl Rickard Nyberg, (1858-1939), Sweden — the blowtorch
    * John Napier, (1550-1617), Scotland — logarithms
    * James Nasmyth, (1808-1890), Scotland — steam hammer
    * Joseph Nicephore Niépce, (1765-1833), France — photography


    O

    * Theophil Wilgodt Odhner, (1845-1903), Sweden — the Odhner Arithmometer, a mechanical calculator
    * Elisha Otis, (1811-1861), USA — passenger elevator with safety device
    * J. Robert Oppenheimer , (1904-1967), USA — the father of the atomic Dome
    * Hans Christian Ørsted, (1777-1851), Denmark — electromagnetism, aluminium


    P

    * Helge Palmcrantz, (1842-1880), Sweden — the multi-barrel, lever-actuated, machine gun
    * Les Paul, (1915-), USA — Multitrack recording
    * Spede Pasanen, (1930-2001), Finland — The ski jumping sling
    * Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, (1871-1922), Croatia — mechanical pencil
    * Gustaf Erik Pasch, (1788-1862), Sweden — the safety match
    * Arthur Paul Pedrick, England — chromatically selective cat flap and others
    * Henry Perky, (1843-1906), USA — Shredded wheat
    * Peter Petroff, (1919-2004), Bulgaria — digital wrist watch, heart monitor, weather instruments
    * Christopher Polhem, (1661-1751), Sweden — the modern padlock
    * Olivia Poole, (1889-1975), USA, — the Jolly Jumper baby harness
    * Baltzar von Platen, (1898-1984), Sweden — refrigerator
    * Mihajlo Pupin, (1858-1935), Serbia — pupinization (loading coils), tunable oscillator
    * Tivadar Puskas, (1844-1893), Hungary — telephone exchange
    * Daniel David Palmer, (1845-1913), Canada — Chiropractic
    * Luigi Palmieri, (1807-1896), Italy — seismometer
    * Alexander Parkes, (1831-1890), England — celluloid
    * Blaise Pascal, (1623-1662), France — barometer
    * Charles Algernon Parsons, (1854-1931), British — steam turbine
    * John Pemberton, (1831-1888), USA — Coca-Cola
    * Joseph Plateau, (1801-1883), Belgium — phenakistiscope (stroboscope)
    * James Leonard Plimpton, USA — roller skates
    * George Pullman, (1831-1897), USA — Pullman sleep wagon


    Q

    R

    * Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, (1845-1923), Germany — the X-ray machine
    * Josef Ressel, (1793-1857), Czechoslovakia — ship propeller
    * John Roebuck, (1718-1794) England — lead chamber process for sulfuric acid synthesis
    * Erno Rubik, (1944-), Hungary — Rubik's cube, Rubik's Magic and Rubik's Clock
    * Karl von Reichenbach, (1788-1869), paraffin, creosote oil, phenol
    * Ira Remsen, (1646-1927), USA — saccharin
    * Charles Francis Richter, (1900-1985), USA — Richter magnitude scale
    * Ernst Ruska, (1906-1988), Germany — electron microscope

    S

    * Hassan Kamel Al-Sabbah, (1895-1935), Lebanon — solar power, cathode ray tube
    * Kees A. Schouhamer Immink (1946- ), Netherlands Major contributor to development of Compact Disc
    * Augustus Siebe, (1788-1872), Saxony&England Inventor of the standard diving dress
    * Alberto Santos-Dumont, (1873-1932), Brazil — non-rigid airship and airplane
    * Isidor Sauers, (1948- ), inventor of a process for measuring the degradation of SF6 in high-voltage systems
    * Adolphe Sax, (1814-1894), Belgium — saxophone
    * Christian Schnabel (1878-1936), German, designed simplistic food cutleries
    * August Schrader, USA — Schrader valve for Pneumatic tire
    * David Schwarz, (1852-1897), Croatia, — rigid ship, later called Zeppelin
    * Bela Schick, (1877-1967), Hungary — diphtheria test
    * Iwan Serrurier, (active 1920s), Netherlands/USA — inventor of the Moviola for film editing.
    * Mark Serrurier, (190?-1988), USA — Serrurier truss for Optical telescopes
    * William Bradford Shockley, (1910-1989), USA — co-inventor of transistor
    * Werner von Siemens, (1816-1892), Germany — an electromechanical "dynamic"
    * Sir William Siemens, (1823-1883), Germany — regenerative furnace
    * Igor Sikorsky, (1889-1972), Ukraine — helicopter
    * Charles Simonyi, (1948-), Hungary — Hungarian notation
    * Aurel Stodola, (1859-1942), Slovakia - gas turbines
    * Elmer Ambrose Sperry, (1860-1930), USA — gyroscope-guided automatic pilot
    * Reverend Dr Robert Stirling (1790-1878), Scotland — Stirling engine
    * Levi Strauss, (1829-1902), USA — blue jeans
    * John Stringfellow, (1799-1883), England — airplane
    * Almon Strowger, (1839-1902), USA — automatic telephone exchange
    * Su Song, (1020-1101), China, invented the first hydraulic-powered astronomical clock tower that operated an armillary sphere with the escapement mechanism and chain drive
    * Simon Sunatori, (1959-), Canada — inventor of Sunatori Pen
    * Joseph Swan, (1828-1914), England — Incandescent light bulb
    * Thomas Savery, (1650-1715), England — steam engine
    * Marc Seguin, (1786-1875), France — wire-cable suspension bridge
    * Henry Shrapnel, (1761-1842), England — Shrapnel shell ammunition
    * Augustus Siebe, (1788-1872), Germany — standard diving dress
    * Isaac Singer, (1811-1875), USA — sewing machine
    * Percy Spencer, (1894-1970), USA — microwave oven
    * George Stephenson, (1781-1848), England — steam locomotive
    * Simon Stevin, (1548-1620), Netherlands — land yacht


    T


    * Bernhard Tellegen, (1900-1990), Netherlands pentode
    * Edward Teller (Ede Teller), (1908-2003), Hungary — hydrogen bomb
    * Nikola Tesla, (1856-1943), Serbian-Croatian-American — developer of the Tesla Coil and inventor of the induction motor, alternating current polyphase power distribution system, wireless communication, robotics, logic gates, the bladeless turbine, radio, VTOL aircraft, etc.
    * Kalman Tihanyi, (1897-1947), Hungary — co-inventor of cathode ray tube and iconoscope
    * Benjamin Chew Tilghman, (1821-1897), USA — sandblasting
    * Alfred Traeger, (1895-1980), Australia — the pedal radio
    * Franc Trkman, (1903-1978), Slovenia — electrical switches, accessories for opening windows
    * Alan Turing, (1912-1954), England — the Turing machine

    U

    * Lewis Urry, (1927-2004), Canada — long-lasting alkaline battery



    sori yah ngak ada penjelasanya,cuma daftranya aja

    Translate
    1 person likes this.
  10. magnum

    magnum IndoForum Activist C

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    V

    * Hub van Doorne, (1900-1979), Netherlands, continuously variable transmission
    * Louis R. Vitullo, (1924?-2006), United States — developed the first sexual assault evidence kit
    * Alessandro Volta, (1745-1827), Italy — battery
    * Faust Vrancic, (1551-1617), Croatia — parachute

    W

    * Barnes Wallis, (1887-1979), England — bouncing bomb
    * Robert Watson-Watt, (1892-1973), Scotland — microwave radar
    * James Watt, (1736-1819), Scotland — improved Steam engine
    * Jonas Wenström, (1855-1893), Sweden — three-phase electrical system
    * George Westinghouse, (1846-1914), USA — Air brake
    * Charles Wheatstone, (1802-1875), England — concertina, stereoscope, microphone, Playfair cipher
    * Eli Whitney, (1765-1825), USA — the cotton gin
    * Frank Whittle, (1907-1996), England — co-inventor of the jet engine
    * Otto Wichterle, (1913-1989), Czechoslovakia — invented modern contact lenses
    * Paul Winchell, (1922-2005), USA — the artificial heart
    * Edmund Wingate, (c.1593-1656), England — straight slide rule
    * A. Baldwin Wood, (1879-1956), USA — high volume pump
    * Granville Woods, (1856-1910), USA — the Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph
    * The Wright brothers, Orville Wright, (1871-1948) and Wilbur Wright, (1867-1912), USA — powered airplane
    * Bruce Wydner, (1935-), USA — inventor of Cost-Effective Machine Translation
    * Arthur Wynne, (1862-1945), England — creator of crossword puzzle
    * Thomas Wedgwood, (1771-1805), England — first (not permanent) photograph


    Y


    * Hidetsugu Yagi, (1886-1976), Japan — Yagi antenna
    * Yi Xing, (683-727), China, invented the first hydraulic-powered armillary sphere that used the escapement mechanism
    * Arthur M. Young, (1905-1995), USA — the Bell Helicopter


    Z

    * Zhang Heng, (78-139), China, invented the first hydraulic-powered armillary sphere
  11. chesster

    chesster IndoForum Junior A

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    Num rada puyeng gw liadnya :D

    beresin dikit donk..
  12. magnum

    magnum IndoForum Activist C

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    skrg gimana????

    itu cuma Daftarnya doang,ngak bs masukin semua detil2 nya....
    /sry sori ya /sry :D
  13. chesster

    chesster IndoForum Junior A

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    nah sip2...
    jangan terlalu di detail2in...
    yang pentingkan siapa dan apa yang di temukan ma tahunnya...
    yang lain kan bisa cari sendiri..
    2 people like this.
  14. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Penemu Ballpoint (bolpoin)

    BALLPOINT

    Alat untuk menulis yang kini sudah merupakan barang yang tidak aneh lagi pertama kali diciptakan oleh seseorang yang bernama John J. Loud pada tahun 1888.

    Akan tetapi ballpoint yang dianggap praktis untuk dipakai diciptakan oleh seorang yang bernama Ladislao bersama dengan sahabatnya bernama George Biro pada tahun 1938.

    Kedua orang tersebut terakhir itu adalah orang Hongaria.
  15. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    Penemu Besi

    BESI

    Besi ditemukan orang dalam ujudnya sebagai bijih besi yang merupakan campuran dari besi dengan oksigen dan pasir, tanah lempung serta batu kapur. Bijih besi belumlah dipergunakan orang kalau belum diubah menjadi besi murni. Pada sekitar 2500 tahun sebelum Masehi, orang-orang di Timur Dekat telah mempelajari bagaimana caranya untuk memisahkan besi dari bijih besinya dengan memanasinya dengan bara arang kayu. Besi yang dihasilkan dari cara ini adalah rapuh, mudah patah, serta lunak. Baru pada sekitar 1400 tahun sebelum Masehi orang sudah bisa membuat besi yang lebih keras yakni dengan jalan menempanya selagi besi tersebut masih panas atau membara. Baru pada 900 tahun sebelum Masehi cara tersebut disempurnakan lagi dengan mencelupkan besi yang masih membara ke dalam air yang dingin. Orang kemudian mulai mempelajari bagaimana dengan jenis-jenis logam yang lain seperti emas, perak, tembaga, dan lain-lain, serta bagaimana melakukan pencampurannya.

    Hanya orang-orang terhormat dan kaya saja seperti kaum raja-raja dan bangsawan saja pada waktu yang mampu memiliki barang-barang yang dibuat dari logam seperti senjata atau lainnya.
  16. Happydentwhite

    Happydentwhite IndoForum Newbie E

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    nice post/no1
  17. Dark_Angel

    Dark_Angel IndoForum Senior D

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    kalo penemu internet sapa /?
  18. alcapone

    alcapone IndoForum Senior C

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    Penemu Kondom & SexToys sapa /?/?/?/?/?/?/?/?/?
    :-?:-/
    1 person likes this.
  19. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    @dark angel


    [​IMG]
    Tim Berners-Lee, penemu internet (World Wide Web, www) membawa perubahan yang luar biasa untuk penyebaran informasi.

    Ada yg perlu ditanyakan lagi?...:-/..Apa mau detilnya??..:-?
  20. boy888

    boy888 IndoForum Junior A

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    @alcapone

    Kondom Musikal, Sensasi Baru dalam Bercinta​

    Seorang penemu telah menciptakan kondom jenis terbaru yang dapat mengeluarkan musik semakin lama semakin keras seiring dengan makin "panasnya" acara bercinta.

    Posisi seksual yang berbeda akan menentukan lagu yang akan dimainkan oleh kondom unik tersebut, demikian kutipan dari Harian The Sun.

    Alat kontrasepsi itu mempunyai alat sensor amat kecil yang disambungkan dengan peralatan elektronik mini sehingga dapat menghasilkan berbagai lagu.

    Penemu asal Ukraina yang dikenal dengan nama Dr Grigoriy Chausovskiy mengatakan, "Alat ini sama sekali tidak berbahaya bagi kesehatan atau keselamatan penggunanya."

    Rencananya kondom canggih ini akan dijual dengan kisaran 20 persen lebih mahal dari pada kondom biasa. "Tapi itu harga yang sesuai bagi pasangan yang ingin mencari sensasi berbeda" tambahnya.

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